Here’s one last article on Black Bullet and the Spring season of 2014. Like most of you, Kisara’s utter obliteration of her treacherous brother took me by surprise. I thought that she would let him off with the loss of his legs, but I suppose cutting off a limb is always the prelude to giving the killing stroke–whether one is considering Japanese or Western martial arts. Anyway, the parricidal villain got what he deserved.
Or did he? Kisara laughs maniacally after his death and claims that she is evil and that only evil can eradicate evil. These two claims strike one as shocking, especially for someone from a culture where filial piety is so esteemed. (And no, evil cannot eradicate evil. Only justice and mercy can.) When one takes that into account along with the traditional belief that the victims of murder will not rest in peace until they have been avenged, I’d say that most Japanese would think badly of her had she not killed Kazumitsu Tendo.
So, whence arises the idea that she did wrong? I am tempted to think Kisara’s words as purely rooted in the emotion of the moment. To a person of integrity, killing is always ugly and painful even if justified. Or does she feel that she ought to have left Kazumitsu’s punishment to the authorities? But, one has already seen the degree of corruption in both the police and the government, and Kisara no doubt took this into account when she undertook extralegal means to avenge her parents. Using a duel to execute a murderer is hardly ideal, but neither is Black Bullet‘s society.
I’m pretty sure this did not enter into Kisara’s mind at all, but in the spirit of this blog let’s ask this question: was it unchristian to kill her brother? The Faith does recommend mercy. Kisara could have stopped short of killing him at least, right? But, four things must be taken into account when judging this matter: 1) Kazumitsu thinks nothing of taking human life–even the lives of his parents; 2) merely maiming him does not prevent him from continuing to use his political power or influence to cause grave harm; 3) the corrupt government might acquit in a trial, thus allowing him to continue to take human lives or endanger society for his own ends; and 4) Kazumitsu would no doubt be using his power to eliminate witnesses should he be arraigned. I think that there exists a hierarchy of compassion in Christianity and prudence partially governs how mercy is given. As the Glossa Interlinearis, a 12th century Biblical gloss by Anselm of Laon, states: “Justice and mercy are so united that one ought to be mingled with the other; justice without mercy is cruelty; mercy without justice profusion…” (Gloss to Matt. 5:7). Permitting Kazumitsu to live in society places the life of a murderer above his potential victims. To have compassion on the murderer in this case is to lack compassion for the innocent. Giving the lethal blow to Kazumitsu falls more under Katsujinken (“the life giving sword”) than Satsujinken (“the murdering sword”).
If anything could have rendered Kazumitsu’s death a moral wrong, it would be if Kisara had arranged the duel in the belief that she was doing wrong. It is possible to render something objectively right evil by having the wrong intention. For example, giving money to the poor in order to be praised by others or telling truth for the purpose of delighting in another’s pain on hearing it. The ugliness of the deed certainly struck her after the fact, but she did not have any doubts about whether she should fight Kazumitsu beforehand. The preparations before the duel evince her sense of righteous indignation. But, if there be any truth to Kisara’s belief that she’s evil for avenging her parents, it could only be because she undertook the revenge believing that she was doing wrong.
But, what do my dear readers think? Was Kisara’s action laudable filial piety? The only way to stop a dangerous malefactor? Erroneous vigilantism? Or wrong because Kisara acted against her conscience from the beginning?
It is possible to render something objectively right evil by having the wrong intention.
A good point here, as we often talk about how a seemingly just end doesn’t sanctify evil means, but we gloss over intent, perhaps because it’s so hard to ascertain, sometimes even by the individual who acts.
I haven’t watched Black Bullet, so I can’t offer an informed opinion on the morality of Kisara’s actions. Given that she dealt with a psychopathic killer certain to kill again if she held back, the end seems just and the means proportional to the evil averted. Was the government corrupt enough to demand vigilante justice, and is Kasara’s reaction driven by horror at her own ruthlessness (and loss of a brother she probably loved dearly at some time in the past) or her assessment of her motives? I can’t say.
Great. One more series to add to my need-to-watch list. 🙂
My own want-to-watch list grows almost every day. But, you should like Black Bullet. It has all the elements of a good shonen anime: fun characters, great action, funny lines which could only appear in anime, great animation (especially of the eyes), and a few moral quandaries like you see in this article.
And indeed a good deed must use good means for a good end. If any of these fall short of goodness, the deed’s no longer good. But, it is so hard to determine intent in some cases. The most insidious evil intention of them all being vainglory, which can taint any good deed by the mere thought of how a good deed reflects well on oneself.
My own opinion of some of the things Kisara blurted out after the duel is that she was carried away on the wave of her emotions. And Rentaro certainly didn’t help to keep her emotions under control!
Isn’t killing a person a mortal sin? If you look at this story from a Christian perspective, can there really be a redeeming qualities to such a deed? Trying to decide if letting someone live will cause greater harm we seem to be taking a role of a judge, deciding who get’s to live and who doesn’t. I feel that it is a role a christian should not attempt to take. That is just an opinion though, it is not like I can deliver a well educated theological argument.
Agree on all points. But God gives out the OK to kill people repeatedly in the Bible, so many Christians argue murder is not a sin if carried out under specified conditions, like mediaeval here. The biggest issue then becomes what those conditions are, and how a finite being prone to subjective views like a human might be able to ascertain those conditions are met.
You’re telling people I think murder is okay, Cyrtus!? xD Naw, murder perforce must be wrong, because murder means “to kill unjustly.” I know most languages don’t have an equivalent term, but murder is always evil.
Killing, on the other hand, is a morally neutral English word. Some people who are killed deserve it, because they’re trying to harm other people. People who refrain from violent deeds don’t deserve to be killed.
If it really were wrong for a Christian to take life in all circumstances, we could not serve in the military and police or even use deadly force in self-defense.
Actually, medieval, I urge you to check out the definition of the word. I looked through five dictionaries and still failed to find even one mentioning your key quality of “unjust”. Murder is an “unlawful killing”, and this makes sense as its a common word originating in discussions of law rather than that of abstract morality.
Kisara’s killing was most certainly unlawful, yet you try to defend it as a fine moral choice. Thus you are saying murder is morally right under the right circumstances. I know you wish to avoid the connotations of the word, which are wholly negative and don’t fit in well with defending the act being carried out. I just tried being a bit contrary by calling a spade a spade.
The difference between the common definition and your definition, unlawful vs unjust, is linked to one of the main points of your article presenting Kisara as in the right, which is law =/= justice.
Well, there are different types of law. St. Thomas Aquinas lists eternal, divine, natural, and human with each class being rooted in the preceding class. The curious thing about human laws is that they are unlawful when not rooted in natural law. One has no obligation to obey a bad law and actions undertaken with the support of bad laws are as unlawful as the laws themselves. Also, human laws effect only the jurisdictions covered by governmental bodies, while the other kinds of laws are valid in all places.
I wish to argue that the amount of lawlessness in Black Bullet’s society practically renders it such that the people live under a state of nature–especially with the mass destruction following the Aldebaran attack. (I’m about to get rather Lockean here.) Under natural law, the citizens themselves must dole out punishment for evil deeds. So, Kisara herself metes out the justice which natural law would demand, hence her killing of him is neither unlawful nor unjust. (But, ideally, the two terms should be synonyms!)
You also must keep in mind that Kazumitsu wished to flee the country with the crimes of murder and embezzlement on his head. Murderers are always the most desperate fugitives, and I doubt whether Kazumitsu could have been restrained without resort to deadly force. His very acceptance of the duel derives from the fact that he believes the agreement under which they fight can give him a means of escape. I don’t think even human laws in many places protect murderers from deadly force if they attempt to flee.
So, Kisara did not murder. And if whether or not an action is murder depends on it squaring with the human law of a particular jurisdiction, then the SS did not murder millions of Jews, but lawfully killed them.
At least, that’s how the matter seems to me.
Some homicides are mortal sins and some may be commendable–even if unfortunate and producing a feeling of disgust. It all depends on whether the person was defending himself or a third person. Of course, classes of Christians, priests, monks, and nuns, are considered to have given up their right to kill in self-defense. (Reading medieval works will show that this was not always the case, but this understanding evolved over time.) Essentially, they mirror themselves so much on Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, that they offer no resistance to those who would take their lives in imitation of Christ Crucified.
However, this excellence is not binding on lay persons. We are not bound to suffer harm to our persons or the loss of our lives should some malefactor attack us or try to harm or kill another person. In the most dire scenarios, we may take the evildoer’s life. This is why some translations of the Bible render “Thou shalt not kill” as “You must not murder,” since murder is always the unjust taking another’s life. And the Bible bears out the idea that every killing is not murder.
Of course, more problems about this issue arise when applied to human society. The state generally has the duty of punishing malefactors in order to defend lawabiding citizens. What happens when the state, instead of punishing malefactors, abets them? It would seem like such government is more like a band of crooks themselves! Then, I would say that the citizens should work either to remove the corruption in the state or dissolve the present government and form a government capable of distributing justice. In the meantime, the citizens must resort to their own resources or permit crime and injustice to flourish.
I suppose if there be anything redeeming about Kisara’s revenge, it is simply that Kazumitsu can no longer harm other people. At the same time, we feel for Kisara in that she felt herself forced by justice and filial piety to kill her own brother, which is extremely tragic.
Great comment! Christians have been debating this issue for a long time.
I feel like there is a difference between the ideals brought in Christian teaching and practical aspects of life. It is said “If someone slaps you on the cheek, offer the other one as well. If someone takes your coat, don’t withhold your shirt either” But in all honesty, we don’t expect people to do so. If someone doesn’t live up to this commandment we do not think that he is not a good Christian. But that, in my opinion, does not render the commandment less valuable as an ideal or guidance for people.
It is the same with murder/killing. Of course we as a society need controlled violence, reinforcement of law, means of self defense. And Church has been a part of society for centuries, and all this time there were people who had to take up arms to defend their lives and well being of others. And if Church was to repel such people it would have only done harm. But same as in my first example, I feel like that is a practical aspect of life, as oppose to the ideal that is set by Bible “Thou shalt not kill” or “You must not murder”, which I read as “Don’t take other’s life”. But then again, I read it like this, it doesn’t mean that it is a the right way to read it =)
I am not arguing your point though. Letting few people with no morals do what they want and not take any action, to let the society decay into chaos, I can hardly say that it would be an act of Christian virtue.
St. Francis de Sales writes a few excellent passages on the difference between counsels and commandments. Jesus’ teachings cover both. A commandment must be followed because it pertains to righteousness. On the other hand, Jesus also offers us counsels in order to show us how to live in more conformity to His divine life. While it is more perfect to follow the counsels, they are not mandatory. Celibacy offers the best example. When Jesus’ disciples say that it is better not to marry, Our Lord says: “All men cannot receive this saying, but they to whom it is given,” (Matt. 19:11). And St. Paul reinforces the idea that it is better not to marry, but neither Our Lord nor St. Paul make celibacy mandatory, even if it is better state of life.
However, most of the counsels–and you mentioned two of them at the beginning of your comment–pertain to mercy, and we must show some mercy if we are to have any hope of receiving it. So, mercy is recommended in most instances, and the counsels may actually said to be more valuable in that they bring the person in more conformity to Our Lord.
But, I do think that “Thou shalt not kill” is meant to mean “You must not murder.” After all, murder is inherently evil because it means taking an innocent life. Some people, on the other hand, are killed because they are either doing or have done some grave wrong, which is not murder. For example, it would be impossible to have murdered Adolf Hitler during WWII, but one could have killed him.
Hm, I read the comments above and they hit a few points I wanted to mention. I never saw Black Bullet, but it’s in my queue in Crunchy, will check it out! I think that to be honest, she’s crazy because if she finds any joy and excitement in killing the person who killed her parents, to me there’s something mentally wrong there. I can’t physically kill something/someone with my bare hands and have any joy in that. To take life, even if the person deserves it or not, is not an innate characteristic in humanity. God Himself wants all to be saved, not to perish, and if you want to go Old Testament, then yes, killings did happen A LOT, BUT, God was protecting His people in doing so because there were people who wanted to wipe them out. Most of the time they received permission as an act of self-defense and preservation, not just “oh, let’s kill all these people in the name of GOD!! YAYY!”
Actually, rejoicing in the downfall of the wicked is natural to human nature. Christians are called to surpass taking joy in revenge and to forgive one another instead. Nevertheless, I think Kisara might very well have been in her right mind until the point of cutting her brother down, but the deed–no matter how much she told herself that filial piety demanded it and that Kazumitsu must be slain for justice’s sake–still troubled and repulsed her. Hence, she does appear crazed after the duel is over.
Though God’s mercy is endless, He does put a stop to the wickedness of evildoers, especially when they are causing grave harm and show no signs of repentance. People are often the instruments of God’s justice. And, Kazumitsu fits the profile of an unrepentant serious offender to a T. So, I can’t really fault Kisara for her deed.
Yeah, I guess I need to watch that ep to really understand what was going on, my apologies for not getting what was going on though I read your article. I agree, yes, we are called to forgiveness and not revenge. God said that the wrath is His to give, not us. Still, I would never want to be put in that position, to cut someone down like that…
No need to apologize! The comments were getting pretty complex, and, as I said, Christians have been arguing about issues like this for two thousand years now. And I did argue that there is no injustice, even from a Christian angle, to Kisara cutting down Kazumitsu. Prima facie, there does seem to be something wrong with that!
It is said that Bl. John Henry Newman once defined a gentleman as someone who never willingly harms another person. Our very aversion to killing of any kind is a good product of civilized society, which is fundamentally Christian–as we see when secular people apply Christian morality without recognizing it. May our society continue to be so civilized that most people will never be faced with a deadly situation!
[…] Medieval Otaku digs into the complex question of the morality of Kisara’s vengeance in Black Bullet. [Medieval Otaku] […]
[…] those guilty of heinous offenses. (Follow this link to my most famous post on the topic: “Kisara’s Revenge: Right or Wrong?”) Yes, killing a human being scars one’s psyche. At the same time, no reasonable person […]
Notably, the Catechism of the Catholic Church paragraphs 2258 – 2330 deals precisely with this issue. I haven’t watched Black Bullet, but it’s hard to gauge the validity of her actions without a huge amount of context. Revenge, however, is always wrong. Revenge is deliberate retaliation. Once an act (in this case, the murder of her parents) is complete, any response post-action is separate and can only be weighed based on its relationship to the conscience (in this case, Kisara, who obviously admits to being evil) and that of the future (will her brother commit more evil). (To be clear, her response isn’t happening as he’s acting. e.g. She’s not killing him as he’s killing someone else.) If she acts out of “vigilante justice”, it could fall into the category of revenge (which is evil) or defense for the greater society. Is it possible she could have done other things to disable the evil? That’s a complex question, but without more info, I don’t think it’s reasonable to say, “Yes, she was acting morally.”
The definitive morality of an act is known by God. “Man judges by the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.” Hence, it isn’t possible from a external perspective to entirely speak of the personal responsibility of Kisara. What we CAN speak of is the fact that all human life must be honored and dignified. Perhaps that was the point of the author of this story: He wanted to draw attention to the guilt that one feels when they are violating an intrinsic good, regardless of the intended outcome.
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It could be that the author of Black Bullet is calling attention to the intrinsic good of life. But, in my opinion, capital punishment also calls attention to the intrinsic good of human life: life is so precious that murder can only be atoned for by the loss of the murderer’s own life–not by fifteen or twenty years hard labor, life with chance of parole at twenty years, or even life without parole. There may be reasons to offer mercy in regard to particular murderers, but anything less than death is mercy rather than justice.
But, the question of whether Kisara acted rightly in this circumstance is debatable. You might enjoy Black Bullet. It’s a very quirky kind of show which could only be an anime.
The problem I have with certain anime is that they seem to say that killing an evildoer brings the avenger down to the evildoer’s level. (These were Raphtalia’s precise words in an episode of The Rising of the Shield Hero.) I think that might have been the thought process in Kisara’s mind which causes her to say that she’s evil. Though, for me, the most troubling part of her deed is that she is a blood relative of the killer. That might have also weighed on her conscience. Perhaps the threat posed by a blood relative to innocent people might require kinslaughter in extraordinarily rare circumstances. But, the hero of Black Bullet was standing by watching the duel, and he ought to have stepped in.
But, but, but… If you kill, you’re a killer. If you murder, you’re a murderer. If you steal, you’re a thief. The target of your action doesn’t change the title you earn. Let’s take another approach here. People have the moral law built in, and without some divine authority to establish the principle (which allows for exceptions), there’s only “law”. Considering Japan doesn’t have God’s direction, they have only the law on their hearts, so for them, perhaps only evil breeds evil. That’s one explanation. Another explanation is that, perhaps being blood relative, Kisara believed her own blood was tainted by evil. It’s a superstitious thing, which would not be at all unreasonable to suspect from the Japanese (or any nation that has dumped God and established religion for some time).
Perhaps said “hero” of Black Bullet felt the business between siblings was a family affair he shouldn’t have interfered with. If it’s a matter of respecting others, I can definitely see that from the Japanese.
Yes, if you murder, you’re a murderer, because murder involves taking an innocent life and it makes one a criminal. Not everyone who kills is a killer, for we recognize offices and circumstances in which homicide is justified. In regard to the slaying of wrongdoers, the death of the one killed is called for by the person’s own actions. “His life is forfeit,” as the saying goes. Genesis 9:6 gives the command: “Whosoever shall shed man’s blood, his blood shall be shed: for man was made to the image of God.” So, the target of your action does change the title you earn unless you do it for the wrong reasons. A soldier who kills an enemy soldier is not a killer—at least, not in a pejorative sense. If he targeted the enemy soldier out of a private grudge rather than duty to his country, that changes the quality of the killing.
We need to be more specific about law and evil. Any action deriving from natural law (like punishing murderers for their crimes) must be good morally. The Japanese understand natural law decently well, I think. It cannot be evil to punish evil according to its just desserts; otherwise, hell could not exist. Evil in doling out capital punishment to a killer can only be understood in three ways: 1) lack of authority in the executioner; 2) emotional pain due to killing a fellow human; or 3) death itself as a physical evil—though not a moral evil. I think Kisara is afflicted by the second point.
I had never considered the idea of Kisara being tainted by the crime of a relative; though, that’s not necessarily superstition: the crime could be viewed as tainting the reputation of her family. If she had called the duel for that reason, she would definitely be guilty of an evil! The idea of it being a family matter might have played into the hero’s decision making. I had not thought of that.
I didn’t mean “killer” in the sense of “office”/occupation, but that seems to be how you’re interpreting it. Allow me to scoot us away from the semantics.
Natural law is a funny, ambiguous thing. We simply have a sense of “this is right” and “this is wrong”, but there aren’t any stone-set rules (not until the ten commandments, but a number of ancient societies would have disagreed with those). I’d say the natural law only comes as a gut feeling, so we can’t really judge it in relation to Catholic teaching (which is more clear-cut). That doesn’t mean it doesn’t come from God – and I would say that it does – but it primarily establishes the boundaries of good and evil; it doesn’t specify WHAT to do when law is broken. We know we want justice, but HOW justice must be enacted isn’t clear cut in our gut feeling. Instead, we have the ground-zero approach of judging our own actions in relation to natural law, regardless of our circumstances. Hence, we can’t say by natural law, “It’s good to kill a murderer.” We can only say in a general sense, “It’s evil to kill another human” and “Justice must be done.”
So basically, Kisara’s conflict boils down to a morally relative question for which her chosen answer violates her gut senses of moral goodness in order to satisfy her desire for justice. Or at least, that’s how it seems to me…
Then again… Did the writer of the story ever post anything about Kisara’s conflict?
One article I read said the whole killing act was completely random, which makes me wonder about any personal foundation to her claims in the first place.
Maybe that article author didn’t get it, but in a way, I feel like I’ve been spinning my wheels off on something the story author didn’t bother to flesh out.
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When you refer to natural law as a gut feeling, that’s the same way certain Classical philosophers and lawmakers understood it: as feeling and emotions common to man and the animals, such as self-preservation and love of offspring. By natural law, I mean it in the sense St. Thomas Aquinas meant it: the rational creature’s participation in God’s eternal law. Revelation is not necessary for people to have knowledge of natural law; though, it does help. God has reason in perfection. People who worship the True God generally understand natural law better than pagans, atheists, agnostics, etc. But, great pagan philosophers, such as Aristotle and Cicero, understood natural law to a very large extent, even though they made mistakes–such as when Aristotle okays infanticide in his Politics.
But, most societies have a certain level of corruption or decay which inhibits them from knowing the natural law in perfection. The United States shows this decay by allowing things like abortion and euthanasia. These two atrocities would not be allowed unless reason has not been in some sense dethroned by the idols of pleasure and living a pain-free life.
If the killing seemed random to the author of that blog post, perhaps the frequently absurd happenings in Black Bullet temporarily fogged up their mind. Kisara killing Kazumitsu was perhaps the most rational thing which happened in the anime. (After the duel, Kisara’s judgment of herself and the necessity to use evil to destroy evil are examples of Black Bullet returning to irrationality.) Kazumitsu is responsible for killing his parents and, through profiteering, killing thousands of other people. If someone guilty of those crimes had been caught by the police in the USA, we’d expect the crook to get the electric chair or life imprisonment where capital punishment is abolished. Where a major disaster has crippled the government and devolved society to a state of nature–as occurred in Black Bullet, people have to take justice and self-defense into their own hands.
“So basically, Kisara’s conflict boils down to a morally relative question for which her chosen answer violates her gut senses of moral goodness in order to satisfy her desire for justice.”
Yes, it was exactly that way in her own mind. As to whether there’s any reason for Kisara to have such a gut feeling, the unjust taking of a life only admits of one equivalent punishment. Also, one obviously can’t have someone willing to commit murder loose in society. So, killing the murderer is the best way to punish him according to his crime and prevent him from doing more harm. I think that most societies have come up with capital punishment using that rationale–not out of a gut feeling. Though, a corrupt or decaying society or an irrational individual like Kisara definitely rely more on feelings than reason.
And, you’re quite right to say that the author did not flesh out everything I wrote about in my post. But, the evidence was there.
Sadly, I’m not familiar with Thomas Aquinas’ stance on “the rational creature’s participation in the eternal law”. 😦 But I think you’re right that we can come to an understanding of natural law without Revelation with a capital R, as you noted.
It’s true that reason of pure intentions has been dethroned, though notably – not to bunny trail too much, but I can’t resist – reason itself is directed. It needs an objective, which is often provided by temporal emotion (in today’s world) instead of long-term benefit.
I think you’re kind of jumping the gun on judging the author of the article. You’re quite convinced of your stance I know, but you’re bordering on dismissive there buddy. I know it *seems* the most rational thing she did, but, like I said, reason (and therefore what is considered “rational”) is directed. It depends on the goal.
CCC 2263 is an important start to the chapter. The other paragraphs (2264-2267) go along with what you’re saying.
Here’s the thing: What’s the final objective? This is one of those difficult questions that was embraced by Trigun, and which Vash tries very, very hard to answer in the by-the-book / CCC manner, which is probably why people thought Yasuhiro Naito (correct romaji) was Catholic.
If you’re goal is to maintain purity on your part, then you have to look at every available measure to ensure you can save people. Can we say that was the case for Kisara? I don’t know the details. For Vash though, it was pretty evident that he had a binary choice, which made it really hard for him. But those sorts of situations only come up in stories. I don’t meet people like Legato Bluesummers on a daily basis.
Incidentally, as I had to look his name, I noticed he has a completely different role than in the manga. Those silly anime creators. *sigh* Now I have to read the manga.
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You’re right that I might be bordering on dismissive of the blogger who wrote that post. I was rather irked that the blogger seemed to ignore the underlying reasons why Kisara’s brother deserved to die and described the whole event as irrational. But, I will agree that many absurd things happen in Black Bullet. See my own posts on the show: https://medievalotaku.wordpress.com/2014/04/30/black-bullet-and-the-difficulty-of-expressing-noble-sentiments/ & https://medievalotaku.wordpress.com/2014/06/07/picking-on-black-bullet-again/.
I think that Yasuhiro Naito is a Catholic. If he is not a Catholic, he’s a very ardent admirer of the Catholic Church. The first season of Blood Blockade Battlefront has to be one of the most Catholic anime I’ve ever seen. Though, I will admit the second season can’t in any shape or form be recognized as such. And, Naito has not declared himself one publicly.
I have heard that Bluesummers’s character was butchered in the anime. I really need to read Trigun one day.
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That’s the impression I got from reading about BBB. I didn’t find it interesting to watch more than an episode, so maybe I didn’t miss out? What did you find Catholic about it?
There seems to be quite a bit of Catholic influence in Japan, isn’t there. Speaking of which, I forget – have you watched Chrono Crusade? (And did you write about it?) I’ve only read the synopsis, and it sounds totally wrong, but what good Catholic wouldn’t comment about that? XD
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BBB is a very weird anime, so I can understand why it might not grab you. There is a lot which is Catholic about it. I express it best in this post: https://medievalotaku.wordpress.com/2017/04/16/happy-easter-to-all/.
Chrono Crusade has plenty of theological problems. The conflict it portrays between the Church and Demons smacks of Manichaean Dualism. On the plus side, it gives a very accurate picture of the Antichrist–at least, as the Antichrist manifests itself in modern times. One ends up really caring about the characters, and there is plenty of action to go around. I prefer the 8-volume manga to the anime, but both are well worth reading or watching. I don’t think that I’ve ever taken the time to properly write about it.
There is some Catholic influence in Japanese media–especially in some of the older anime. Ashita no Joe and Leiji Matsumoto’s Captain Harlock and Galaxy Express 999 all count as very Catholic anime. It did not surprise me to learn that Matsumoto and the author of Ashita no Joe came from Kyushu–the center of Japanese Christianity.
You remind me that I have an Anime for Christians page which I need to update. 🙂
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[…] A close runner up has to do with my examination of Kisara’s duel with her nefarious brother: “Kisara’s Revenge: Right or Wrong?”. (I still remember reading the comment: “…many Christians argue murder is not a […]